Study of God – Part 8
B. Compound Names with EL in the Old Testament
1. El-Shaddai. Gen. 17:1 Translated “Almighty God” it shows God as all-sufficient, making fruitful; Gen. 28:3-4, and purifying through trial; Job 5:17.
2. El-Elyon. Gen. 14:18 Translated “The Most High God” Who is also possessor of heaven and earth. By this name God is known among the Gentiles; Deut. 32:8; Dan. 4:35.
3. El-Olam. Gen. 21:33 Translated “The Everlasting God.” God’s eternity and His protection are manifested in this name; Deut. 33:27.
4. El-Roi. Gen. 16:13 Translated “The All-seeing God.” This is a comfort and challenge to the believer. It emphasizes God’s Omniscience.
C. Compound Names with Adonai
1. Adonai Jehovah. Gen. 15:2 Translated Lord GOD. In this combination the idea of Master is dominant; Deut. 3:24.
2. Adonai Elohim. Ps. 86:12 Translated Lord my God. Used here as an ascription of praise.
D. Compound Names with Jehovah
1. Jehovah Elohim. Gen. 2:4 Translated LORD God. God’s relation to man as his Creator.
2. Jehovah Sabaoth. 1 Sam. 1:3 Translated LORD of hosts. God is spoken of as a warrior; 2 Ki. 6:17; Zech. 13:1-2.
3. Jehovah Jah. Isa. 26:4. Translated LORD JEHOVAH. This emphasizes the strength of Jehovah; Isa. 12:2.
E. Compound Names with Jehovah and other words
1. Jehovah-jireh. Translated, “The LORD will provide.” Gen. 22:14. For Abraham, He provided a lamb. For the people of Israel, He provided food for 40 years in the desert.
2. Jehovah-rapha. Translated, “The LORD that healeth thee.” Ex. 15:26. Reference to Jehovah’s hand upon Israel, protecting them from diseases.
3. Jehovah-nissi. Translated, “The LORD our banner.” Ex. 17:15. This speaks of deliverance in battle; Ps. 60:4.
4. Jehovah-shalom. Translated, “The LORD our peace.” Judges 6:23-24. The assurance and comfort of Jehovah is in this name, as in Jerusalem, “city of peace.”
5. Jehovah-raah. Translated, “The LORD my shepherd.” Ps. 23:1. All is summed up in “I shall not want,” for He gives rest, food, guidance, restoration and protection.
6. Jehovah Tsidkenu. Translated, “The LORD our righteousness.” Jer. 23:6. The future deliverance of Israel is in view, but this name also indicates the provision of righteousnss for the sinner, as well as God’s righteous character. (Isaiah 11:4-5).
7. Jehovah-shammah. Translated, “The LORD is there.” Ezek. 48:35. The presence of the LORD will be with His people Israel. It is also a reminder that He led them by His presence through the desert; Ex. 13:21
8. Jehovah-shammah. Translated, “The LORD is there.” Ezek. 48:35. The presence of the LORD will be with His people Israel. It is also a reminder that He led them by His presence through the desert; Ex. 13:21
F. Names of God the Son
1. Jehovah; LORD.
a. Isa. 42:8 says, “I am Jehovah, that is my name; and my glory will I not give to another.” Now, if this same name is used of Christ, it proves His deity. In Jer. 23:5-6 it is used of Christ; He is the King from David’s line and Jehovah our righteousness.
b. Ps. 102:12, 24-27 speaks of the everlasting Jehovah, and this is quoted in Heb. 1:10-12 to refer to Christ.
c. In Isa. 44:6 Jehovah is called “the first and the last,” and so is Christ in Rev. 1:8, 17.
d. The New Testament name “Lord” is equivalent to Jehovah in the Old Testament. Christ is called “Lord of all;” Acts 10:36, “Lord over all;” Rom.10:12, “Lord of glory;” I Cor. 2:8, and “Lord of Lords” in Rev. 17:14.
2. Elohim; God.
a. Lk. 3:4-6 quotes Isa. 40:3-5 as pertaining to Christ. In Isa. 40:3-5 He is called Elohim.
b. Isa. 9:6 speaks of the birth of Christ, Who is called “the mighty God” (El).
c. In Jn. 1:1 “The Word was God;” in Heb. 1:8, “Of the Son… thy throne, O God;” and in Titus 2:13, “the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ.”
3. Adonai; Master. Christ called Himself “Master” and was called “Master” by many; Matt. 23:8-10; Jn. 1:38; 13:13-14; Eph. 6:9.
4. Son of God. Christ used this name of Himself; Jn. 3:18; 5:19-25, and was called Son of God by others; the angel in Lk. 1:35; by demons; Lk. 4:41; by John the Baptist; Jn. 1:34; by Paul; Rom. 1:1-4.
5. Son of Man. This title is used more often than any other by Christ Himself. It usually emphasizes His humanity, but not always. For example, in Mk. 2:28 He said, “The Son of Man is also Lord of the sabbath.” In Mk. 10:45 the title points to His Saviourhood; “The Son of Man… came to give His life a ransom for many.”
6. Lord Jesus Christ. This is His complete and official Title. It is used in connection with God the Father; I Thess. 1:1; I Cor. 1:3; Eph. 1:2.
a. Lord (Jehovah) emphasizes His deity; Jn. 20:29.
b. Jesus (Saviour) declares His humanity and Saviourhood; Matt. 1:21.
c. Christ (Messiah) declares His offices as Prophet, Priest and King, as anticipated in the Old Testament; Lk. 24:25-27, 44-47.
G. Names of the Holy Spirit
1. Jehovah; LORD. In Isa 6:8-12, Jehovah speaks to Isaiah; and in Acts 28:25-27, “Well spake the Holy Spirit by Isaiah.”
2. Elohim; God. In 2 Sam. 23:2-3, “The Spirit of the Lord spake by me and His word was in my tongue. The God of Israel said.” Also in Acts 5:1-10, lying to the Holy Spirit was lying to God.
3. He is mentioned as equal with the Father and the Son.
a. Matt. 28:19-20 Go… baptizing them in the name (not names) of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.”
b. 2 Cor. 13:14 Paul’s benediction includes all three Persons on an equal basis.
4. Other Titles of the Holy Spirit. There are 88 O.T. and 262 N.T. references to the Holy Spirit. Many of these have titles.
a. The Holy Spirit; Lk. 11:13, the most common name.
b. The Spirit of God; Gen. 1:2.
c. The Eternal Spirit; Heb. 9:14.
d. The Spirit of Truth; Jn. 14:17.
e. The Comforter; Jn. 15:26 The word is Paraklete
f. The Spirit of adoption. Rom. 8:15
g. The Spirit of Life: Rom. 8:2.