A Study of Theology IV – Part 5
By: The John Ankerberg Show
Christian Doctrine (Main category)
Theology (Sub Category)
A Study of Theology IV – Part 5 (Dr. Thomas Figart)
Dr. Figart talks about the duration of spiritual gifts. Do some of them no longer exist?
A Study of Theology IV – Part 5
Dr. Thomas Figart
V. Spiritual Gifts in the Church
D. The Duration of Spiritual Gifts:Are they in effect today?This depends on two things with each gift:Is the gift still needed today, or has its purpose been fulfilled?Second, is it possible to qualify for the gift today?
- Yes,some gifts are always needed for the edification of the Church.These are permanent spiritual gifts, including pastor, teacher, evangelist, exhortation, helps, administration, giving, showing mercy Eph. 4:11-13; 1 Cor. 12:28-30; 1 Pet. 4:10-11; Rom. 12:6-8.
- No, some gifts have fulfilled their purpose (either as “sign-gifts” or for conviction of unbelievers) since the New Testament has been completed and thus the qualifications are impossible to possess today.These are the temporary spiritual gifts, including apostleship, prophecy, miracles, healings, speaking in tongues, and interpretation of tongues 1 Cor. 12:28-30; Eph. 4:11-13.
E. The Gift of Apostleship does not exist today because no one qualifies on any of the following points:
- Apostles were required to be eyewitnesses of the resurrected Christ.Acts 1:22; 10:38-43; 1 Cor. 9:1; 15:8.
- Apostles were endowed with miraculous powers, including the ability to raise the dead.Matt. 10:8; Acts 9:36-42; 20:9-12; 2 Cor.12:12.
- Apostles were chosen directly by the Lord Jesus or by the Holy Spirit.Matt. 10:8;Acts 9:6; 13:2.Paul and Barnabas are definitely called Apostles in Acts 14:14.
- Apostles were called only at the beginning of the Church Age as part of the foundation of the Church, Eph. 2:20.You do not keep laying foundations on top of foundations.Thus, this spiritual gift was not passed down from generation to generation.
F. The Gift of Prophecy does not exist today because no one qualifies on the following points
- Prophets received divine revelation from God. Gal. 1:12; Acts 21:10-11.
- Prophets had divine guidance in the delivery of the message.Gal. 2:2; 2 Pet. 1:20-21.
- Their message must bear with it the authority of God.Gal. 2:7-9; Acts 21:11.
- This included local, immediate issues (Acts 11:27-28; 21:9-14) as well as far-off future events (1 Cor. 15:51-58).
- Until the New Testament was completed, the gift of prophecy was to be “desired” (1 Cor.14:1), but upon completion of prophetic truth,this gift ceased and it was unthinkable to desire it. Rev. 22:18: “If any man add to these things” not merely “to the words of this book.” This means that the entire process was closed.The prophet was part of the foundation of the Church, not its superstructure! Eph. 2:20.
- It is utter nonsense to confuse the gift of teaching as a “prophetic office” but not a “gift.”There never was an office of a prophet; the only two offices are bishop and deacon.Just because both teaching and prophesying edified the Church does not make them the same.Similarity does not mean identity!
- At the return of Christ to earth there will be prophesying as a sign of His coming Joel 2:28-32; Rev. 11:3-7.
The Gift of Miracles does not exist today for these reasons:
- As already noted, this gift was given in connection with apostleship as a “sign” to authenticate their message 2 Cor. 12:12; Acts 14:1-3.
- Four words are used to describe this gift of miracles in Heb. 2:4.
a. Powers (dunamesi) translated “miracles”in 1 Cor. 12: 28.This emphasizes the power of the one performing the miracle.
b. Signs (semeiois) 2 Cor. 12:12; John 20:30-31.This emphasizes the purpose of the gift.
c. Wonders (terasi) 2 Cor. 12:12; Acts 2:22.This emphasizes the effect of awe on the observer.
d. Distributions (merismois) translated “gifts” in Heb. 2:4.This emphasizes the source of all gifts, the Holy Spirit.
- Satan also has power to work miracles, Rev. 13:13-15; 2 Cor.11:13-15.Thus it may well be that some so-called “divine” miracles today are really Satanic Matt. 7:21-23.
- Conclusion: God has power to perform miracles today, as He chooses, but no one has the gift of miracles, since the purpose for this gift has been fulfilled.Heb. 13:8 refers to the unchanging Person of Christ, but does not say that His purpose or program is the same yesterday and today and forever!
The Gift of Healing does not exist today for these reasons:
- This gift was also used in connection with the gift of apostleship Matt. 10:1-8; Acts 19:11-12; 28:8-9.
- Even Paul could not heal at all times. He had an affliction, “a thorn in the flesh” (2 Cor. 12:7-10) which God never removed;and some of his beloved friends were not healed Phil. 2:25-27; 1 Tim. 5:23; 2 Tim. 4:20.Thus, the use of this gift was restricted within the will of God for each case.
- Is “Healing in the Atonement”?
a. If so, then no saved person should ever get sick or die.Otherwise, you do not possess that part of the atonement.
b. If healing is in the atonement, then why was the gift of healing necessary at all?Why don’t the “faith healers” simply preach the gospel?All their converts would automatically receive healing as part of their salvation!
c. What about Isa. 53:4, “He bore our sicknesses”?By comparing this with Matt. 8:17, it shows that this refers to fulfillment in Christ’s earthly ministry before He died, and was not a part of His work on the Cross.
d. What about Isa. 53:5, “By His stripes we are healed”?The Hebrew word for “healed” (rapha) can refer to spiritual healing, as in Psa. 41:4; 147:3.Compare the quotation of Isa. 53:5 in 1 Peter 2:24 which refers to our sins, not physical healing.
- Sickness is not always the result of sin; it can be for the glory of God. John 9:3; 11:4.
- God does heal today when it is according to His will and sought according to His Word.James 5:13-16 is as significant for what it does not say as for what it says.For example, there is not a tent meeting, no women healers, no offering, no zapping in the Spirit, no loud music or bright lights.
5:13“Is any afflicted…?” (kakopathai) This is a general word for emotional or mental suffering.The suggestion:“Let him pray.”
5:14“Is any sick…” (asthenei) This means weak, either spiritually or physically.This context denotes physical illness.“…call for the elders, let them pray…anointing with oil…” The word aleipsontes (anoint) is not the usual word, which would be chrio, yet it is used in the Greek O.T. for symbolic anointing, in Gen. 31:13; Ex. 40:13; Num. 3:3.
5:15 “…the prayer of faith (by the elders) shall save (heal) the sick”kamnonta; (fatigued, worn out, hopelessly sick, with the possibility that death is imminent). Notice that it is prayer that is the effectual thing here and not a gift of healing (5:16).
- Conclusion:God still heals today, but no one has the gift of healing today, because its purpose of authenticating the apostles’ message has been completed.See Acts 14:1-3; 2 Cor. 12:12.