Cultivating Christian Convictions

By: Dr. Steven Riser; ©2004
Christian parents want their children to develop Christian convictions, but how do they go about instilling those values in their children? Dr. Riser gives some practical tips.

Cultivating Christian Convictions

Introduction: What is the heart cry of many Christian parents today?

We are surrounded by Christian parents who are grieving because their children have de­parted from the Christian faith or never really embraced it in the first place. They may be in­volved in alcohol, drugs, rebellion, immorality or humanistic philosophy—all bringing shame on their families and the cause of Christ. Others may choose to silently drift further and further from the Lord “doing their own thing.” A frequent comment that one hears from such parents is that, “We have tried our best to teach our child what is right and they have chosen to rebel against God and go their own way. Where did we do wrong?” Parents have ceded to others the primary responsibility of teaching and training their children and are suffering the consequences.

What do many Christians adequately fail to realize?

Many Christians fail to realize that we live in a foreign country and that this world is not our home, nor is it our friend (Jas. 4:4; 1 Jn. 2:15-17).

  1. We are surrounded by people who don’t honor God as God by giving Him His rightful place.
  2. We are surrounded by people who do not know, accept, believe or live according to the truth of God’s Word, but rather believe that everything is subjective and relative (Jn. 3:18-20).
  3. We are surrounded by people who are spiritually blind, deaf and dumb and under the dominion of the evil one (2 Cor. 4: 4; 1 Jn. 5: 19).

We are the outsiders; this world is not our home. We are strangers and pilgrims on this earth looking for a city whose builder and maker is God. We are described as aliens and exiles on our way to a place that Jesus has prepared for us. (John 14:2, 3) We are subject to the ungodly influences around us; Scripture warns us not to love the world or the things of this world (1 Jn. 2:15). We are exhorted not to be conformed to this world, but to be transformed (Rom. 12:2).

Why is “believing” not enough?

Today, “believing” is not enough. It’s not that believing isn’t important; it is. In our time, believ­ing is made out to be more of a preference based on one’s subjective feelings at the moment rather than a strong conviction based on sound evidence. We live in a culture that’s radically different from the one the baby boomers experienced in their formative years. In today’s culture, many beliefs are subjectively determined and therefore, may frequently be subject to change. It’s “politically correct” in our culture to be tolerant with everyone except those who believe in objective truth. Those who hold such a position are subject to widespread scorn and ridicule. They aren’t likely to uphold or maintain such beliefs without having strong convictions concern­ing the truth. It’s not enough to merely believe or give mental assent to biblical truths about God.

We need to develop inner convictions which will enable us to stand alone against those who subscribe to a secular humanistic worldview (Jas. 2:18-20).

What is the impact of political correctness on personal Christian convictions?

The supreme virtue in a culture devoid of conviction is tolerance. Tolerance used to mean putting up with someone or something that you do not like or agree with. This belief is consistent with what Paul said in Romans 15:7. The “new” tolerance is different—it tells us that what every individual believes is equally right or valid. In other words, all values, beliefs, lifestyles and truth claims are equally valid. One of the differences between prejudice and conviction is that preju­dice is based on ignorance and conviction is based on evidence. If morality is relative then the convictions that Christians espouse have no basis. If there is no absolute moral truth, then there is no basis for Christian convictions. True tolerance does not involve the watering down of our convictions to the lowest common denominator. True tolerance separates the person from the opinion. We commit to treat each other with respect even when we don’t agree with one another’s beliefs, values, practices or point of view. Political correctness is based on relative morality and seeks to put social pressure on Christians to conform to their secular humanistic point of view. It does not encourage people to think for themselves, nor does it accept those who subscribe to absolute moral truth. Those who espouse to relative truth are absolutely sure there is no absolute truth.

What can we do?

We can pray for godly wisdom (Jas. 1:5) and diligently heed the Scriptures that warn us of these dangers: the world, the flesh and the devil. We can seek to cultivate the character and conduct of Christ and follow the Biblical admonitions to model, train and teach our children to stand alone for God by developing godly convictions. We must develop convictions concerning how we should live to best please God and how we can successfully confront the dangers of this world—by learning to do God’s will, God’s way. In short, we can ask God to give us the knowledge, desire and power to live in a way that is pleasing to Him.

What are convictions?

The word “conviction” comes from “convictio.” Convictions are strong beliefs or truths that one is fully convinced of, having been persuaded by evidence or argument and not merely subjective feelings. We have a conviction when we are thoroughly convinced or fully persuaded that something is true. Convictions are more than personal preferences or subjective opinions; they involve strong beliefs that manifest themselves in actions. A conviction is a strong belief that we have obediently made a part of our life and practice. Having convictions is being so thoroughly convinced that something is absolutely true that you take a stand for it regardless of the consequences. Paul said that “the Gospel came to you not simply with words, but also with power, with the Holy Spirit and with deep conviction” (1 Thess.1: 5)

What are some biblical examples of individuals with godly convictions?

  1. In Romans 4:21, Paul says that Abraham was “fully persuaded that God had power to do what he had promised.” In other words, Abraham had a strong conviction that God would keep His promise.
  2. The Apostle Paul expressed a similar conviction himself in 2 Timothy 1:12b, “I know whom I have believed, and am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him for that day.”
  1. Joseph stood strong against an Egyptian temptress, because giving in “would be a great sin against God” (Gen. 39: 9).
  2. Daniel refused to compromise his convictions in the face of an antagonistic Babylonian culture (Dan. 6:3-5).
  1. Hebrews 11:25 says that Moses “chose to be mistreated along with the people of God rather than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a short time.”

How are convictions different from standards?

Teaching standards and developing convictions are similar but different. Clearly parents are called to teach their children (Deut. 6:7). We all need to teach spiritual standards, but we can never directly command convictions in others. In order to develop convictions, a person needs to “see” the truth of what is being taught and he also has to “own” that truth. In other words, there needs to be: instruction, understanding and assimilation and application of the truth. Standards are something that are taught and learned; while convictions are something that are both owned and applied (Rom. 14:22-23).

What is the source of Christian convictions?

Convictions are based on the truth, but where does truth come from? Jesus clearly answers the question in John 17:17b where He said, “Thy [God’s] Word is truth.” The Psalmist assures us, “Forever, O Lord, thy word is settled in heaven.” Truth is that which corresponds to reality. God is the supreme realist and we are realistic insofar as we see things from His point of view. God’s Word is the blueprint of reality. Reality is that which exists. If reality can’t be relative then truth can’t be relative. Only the perception of the truth can be relative. God is the only valid source of morality; He is the only one who has the right to bind the conscience. For Christians, the Bible has always been our final authority for faith and practice. In 2 Thessalonians 2:15, Paul said to “stand firm and hold to the teachings we passed on to you, whether by word of mouth or by letter.” Teaching had to be followed by internalization.

Christian convictions, based on the Word of God, are of varying types. We may become convinced concerning a given interpretation, a specific application, a general principle, and an application of a principle. Some Christians argue against holding convictions that go beyond direct commands of Scripture. We should be thoroughly convinced when the evidence warrants and should act accordingly. Not every Christian will share the same convictions.

What is the value of developing and maintaining Christian convictions?

  1. Godly convictions result in Christ like thinking and corresponding actions.
  2. Convictions acted upon can be a means for protecting our families. It would be foolish to ignore the pressures of the world upon the family and make no serious effort to counteract them.
  3. Convictions enable us to stand alone. Peer pressure affects all of us to some degree and comes in many forms. If we are going to please God, we need to be able to resist negative peer pressure.
  4. Convictions enable us to successfully resist temptations from the world, the flesh and the devil and to avoid experiencing the reproofs of life caused by the consequences of our disobedience.
  5. A consistent godly example can serve as a great encouragement to the people of God. We can’t expect people to act like Christ without first developing the convictions of Christ.
  6. It is on the basis of convictions that important decisions should be made about how to live.

Convictions, unlike prejudices, are founded upon a thorough, objective investigation of facts.

Where do Christian convictions come from?

Conviction describes the work of the Holy Spirit by which the satanic blindness is lifted from men’s eyes and they are enabled to see themselves in God’s sight—guilty of death because of sin against a holy God and unable to save themselves. It is by conviction, brought about by the Spirit, in our conscience, that a sinner is brought to repentance. Our convictions about right and wrong are formed in our conscience. Everyone has convictions and a conscience (Acts 24:16; Heb. 10:22; 1 Pet. 3:16). The Spirit convicts and convinces. We should not confuse our con­science with the Spirit. Our conscience helps us differentiate between right and wrong so we can develop our convictions. If we don’t stand for something, we will most likely stand for any­thing. Convictions can be positive or negative. We can have negative convictions regarding our sin or we can have positive convictions regarding God’s truth. If we fail to obey our con­science—what we know to be true, we can’t grow spiritually. If we fail to obey an enlightened conscience, we can make a ship wreck of our faith (1 Tim. 1:19).

What is the relationship of the Holy Spirit with faith and conviction?

Biblical faith presupposes and requires inner conviction. Faith begins with the promises of God contained in His Word being illuminated by the Spirit of God. The writer of Hebrews helps us to understand the relationship between faith and conviction. Hebrews 11: l says, “Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the evidence [conviction] of things not seen.” The word evidence can be translated “proof” or “conviction.” Biblical faith is not just convicting, it is also convincing. It is not a leap in the dark nor is it a worked up feeling, but rather peaceful confi­dence based on evidence that demands a verdict. When one is persuaded by the evidence it results in conviction. Once we see truth, we can’t unsee it.

Paul says that faith is a gift (Eph. 2:8, 9). God’s Word is an incorruptible seed (1 Pet. 1:23) engrafted into our lives and fertilized by the Spirit of God (Titus 3:5). In 1 Corinthians 12:3b Paul said, “…no one can say, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ except by the Holy Spirit.” Without the calling, illumina­tion and regeneration of the Holy Spirit, conviction and faith would not be possible. Faith is like a muscle that grows—some people have “little faith”, some have “faith” and some have “great faith.” The seed of the Gospel is germinated by the regenerating activity of the Spirit. As we learn to ruminate on God’s Word, it becomes a vital part of our lives and we become persons with God-given convictions which in godly actions and godly habits.

Clearly, saving faith in the Bible involves more than just mental assent. It is a whole soul’s trust in God and in His Word as true. Without such faith it is impossible to please God (Heb. 11:6). Faith involves several dimensions and impacts on all of life:

  1. Faith involves belief (mind)—it affects what we think (cognitive).
  2. Faith involves trust (heart)—it affects how we feel (affective).
  3. Faith involves response (will)—it affects what we do (volitional).

Any intimate relationship impacts on how we think, feel and act. The Christian faith involves:

  1. A person to be received—Christ,
  2. a truth to be believed—God’s Word and
  3. a life of love to be lived.

Unbelief arises out of ignorance, while faith arises out of being persuaded by evidence—revealed and illuminated by God. God said to the prophet Hosea that His people are destroyed “through lack of knowledge” of His ways, Word, will, promise and provision (Hosea 4:6).

Can Christian convictions be misused or abused?

While cultivating biblical convictions is a needful and beneficial practice, it is possible that our convictions can be misused or abused. How is this so?

1. Beware of judging your brother—Romans 14: 4; 10

We should not be quick to judge one another for differences in lifestyle and convictions. Paul makes clear in Romans 14:3-4, that the Lord is our judge, not one another. Sometimes the Lord leads some believers to do things he does not lead others to do. In Luke 6:37, Jesus warned us not to judge in the sense of condemnation. Discernment yes! Condemnation no!

2. Beware of pride and self-righteousness—Romans 12:3; 1 Corinthians 10:12

There is also the danger of becoming proud or self-righteous regarding our convictions and lifestyle. Such pride is sin and must be avoided like the plague. Godly convictions are the result of the work of God’s Word and Spirit in us and therefore nothing for which we can take pride in. We must remember Paul’s warning not to think more highly of ourselves than we ought to think (Rom. 12:3). Pride can keep us from being open to others and other points of view which we may need to hear. If our convictions are sound they can withstand re-examination. Since no one has all the truth, we should always be open to additional truth.

3. Beware of living an imbalanced life—Philippians 4: 5

In addition to appearing “holier than thou,” some come off as “weirder than thou.” Admittedly God’s ways are different than man’s, but they are also qualitatively superior and therefore pref­erable. Our convictions need to be in accord with God’s wisdom, not based on some odd eccen­tricity on our part. A balanced life is a healthy life. Paul said, “Let your moderation be known to all men”(Phil. 4:5a). We shouldn’t be so heavenly minded that we’re no earthly good, nor should we be so earthly minded that we are no heavenly good. Beware of being more interested in converting others to your particular conviction than converting unbelievers to Christ.

What about the need of revising or reformulating our convictions?

Paul says, “Let every one be fully persuaded in their own mind” (Rom. 14:5). Be fully con­vinced but be humble enough to admit when you are wrong on some issues. When an issue arises that causes us to question our prior convictions and corresponding practices, we need to examine the matter thoroughly and objectively. If we wish to know the truth, we must be willing to obey it (John 17:7). We must consider not only what is lawful but what is profitable or edify­ing. We should not use our freedom as an excuse to live for ourselves rather than living for God.

What can we do to assist others in developing their convictions?

It’s not enough to develop godly convictions through prayer and the assimilation of God’s Word; we need to be willing to share them with others. But we need to share them in humility and without condemning others (1 Pet. 3:15). When shared in this way, others are more likely to honestly consider these things as well. God may use you to open their eyes to serious dangers they have not seen. What you have to share may be the solution they have been seeking to a problem already recognized. Sharing the wisdom and insight God has given you is an important part of edifying one another. However, it’s not edifying to argue, accuse or condemn. Grant some grace to your brother and sisters to differ from you. The convictions we share are not meant to be requirements of the law to be placed upon others. Only God has the right to bind the conscience. We live by grace, not by works of the law. Each of us is responsible before God for the choices he or she makes. It is God who will judge us all. To our own Master we stand or fall.

While it is true that we cannot develop convictions for our children, there are some simple things we can do to aid them as they seek to develop their own convictions. First, communicate to your children the importance of developing convictions. Teach them how to think critically for themselves. Teach them to know what they believe and why they believe it. Remind them when their actions are not consistent with their “professed” convictions. Second, realize that motiva­tion for children will be developed as they see and experience the satisfaction of a life led by conviction. Children need to see their parents who are satisfied to live a life of conviction regard­less of their material blessings. As we share with them the blessing that comes from believing and obeying the truth, they will want to emulate our character and conduct. Finally, we can provide the best teaching backed up by a consistent example. We can’t do anything for God without His power; therefore we mustn’t overlook the power of prayer in this important process.

Paul says that we walk (live) by faith (conviction), not by sight (2 Cor.5:7). It is those things that we know by moral and spiritual conviction that will aid us in our walk with God.

What is the process of developing our own personal convictions?

It is imperative that Christians be active in developing convictions through what the Bible calls a “proving” process–rationally examining the evidence (Eph. 5:10; 1 Thess. 5:21; Rom. 12:2; Phil. 1:10).

The ability to prove the will of God in every aspect of life, to understand what pleases God, is a mark of spiritual maturity. Absent the process of “proving”—conviction formulation, the Chris­tian must rely on the convictions of others, trite cliché’s or tradition, all of which are inadequate. Each believer needs to develop his own convictions based on the clear Biblical teaching and other reliable evidence. In short, we develop convictions by becoming convinced as a result of examining the evidence and discovering the truth. Consider the following strategy:

  1. Examine the areas of life for which you need to make decisions.
  2. Search the Scriptures for direct teaching on the subject.
  3. Honestly investigate the nature of the practice and its long-range consequences.
  4. Seek godly counsel regarding beliefs related to these practices.
  5. Evaluate the evidence using Biblical principles and godly motivation.
  6. Be willing to do God’s will and submit to what you believe it to be.
  7. Pray, “Thy will be done on earth (in my life) as it is in heaven.”
  8. “Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts by faith” (Col. 3: 15)
  9. Write out and review your biblical standards consistent with your inner convictions.
  10. Count the cost and be willing to suffer any consequences for keeping your convictions.

What are some questions to consider if you are in doubt?

  1. Is the Bible clear or confusing of this moral issue? (John 14:21)
  2. Is the practice consistent with the character and conduct of Christ? (Col. 3:17)
  3. Will the practice glorify God? (1 Cor. 10:31)
  4. Can I represent Christ by doing this? (Phil. 2:3)
  5. Am I being selfish? (Phil. 2:3)
  6. Will it cause strife (Phil. 2:3)
  7. Will it profit or edify other people? (1 Cor. 10:33)
  8. Will it cause a weaker brother to stumble? (Rom. 14:21)
  9. How will this practice influence my mind? (Phil. 4:8)
  10. Is it good stewardship of my time, gifts and money? (1 Cor. 4:2)
  11. Is it lawful? (Rom. 13:1)
  12. Is it harmful to my body—the temple of the Holy Spirit? (1 Cor. 6:19-20)

What are some clear examples of basic Biblical convictions?

  1. The Bible is the inspired Word of God and the final authority in my life—2 Timothy 3:16
  2. My purpose in life is to love God supremely and order my life around his priorities—Mat­thew 6:33
  3. My body is the temple of God’s Spirit and I must not defile it—1 Corinthians 3:16-17
  4. My church should teach the foundational truths of the Bible—Matthew 7:15-16
  5. Children are a gift from God. I should seek to develop godly character in them— Deuteronomy 6:6, 7
  6. My actions must never weaken the Scriptural convictions of others—Romans 14:13.
  7. My marriage is a life-long commitment to God and my marriage partner—Matthew 19:6
  8. Money is a trust from God and it must be earned and managed faithfully and wisely— Luke 16:11
  9. My words must be in harmony with god’s word, especially when correcting another— Galatians 6:1
  10. My affections should be set on things above, not on things in the earth—Colossians 3: 2
  11. Everyone should live for God’s glory, regardless of whether anyone else does or not, I will.

What is the mind of Christ and how can we cultivate it?

All Christians are engaged in spiritual warfare against ideas, philosophies, and general thought patterns that contradict God’s. In 2 Corinthians 10:3-5 Paul said, “For though we live in the world, we do not wage war as the world does. The weapons we fight with are not the weap­ons of the world. On the contrary, they have divine power to demolish strongholds. We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ.”

Because Jesus is Lord, He has the right to make exclusive claims on us—including our minds. We would all do well to ask, “Is Jesus Christ the Lord of my mind?” Are we seeking to “take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ”? We are called by God to think His thoughts after Him so we may emulate His way. Clearly, His thoughts are higher than ours and His ways are superior to ours. Isaiah 55:8-9 says, “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways,” declares the Lord. As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.”

Christ’s servants are called to infiltrate enemy territory Scripture calls “the world,” and take the minds of those, once enslaved to error and the evil one, captive for Christ and His truth. We are engaged in nothing less than a battle for the hearts and minds of men. The knowledge of God contained in the Holy Scripture is the standard by which every thought must be measured. Any idea that is not consistent with God’s inspired Word is sheer imagination and does not correspond with reality. The Christian faith is based on God truth, not our personal experience or cultural morality. The Christian faith is essentially offensive and exclusive. Its aim is to replace error with truth. Paul knew that every unbiblical presupposition was essentially a rival religion. Because of Paul’s love for Christ and his desire for the glory of God, he exhibited a holy intoler­ance for and antagonism toward every idea that was contrary to God’s revealed Word.

Because we are in a battle for the hearts and minds of men, we can’t use conventional weap­ons. Only by truth and love can the kingdom of God be advanced in the world. Growth in grace involves the liberation of one’s ideas and convictions, in ever increasing degrees, from worldly wisdom and increased conformity to the wisdom of God. When the believer’s every thought is brought to the point of obedience to the authority of Jesus, then we have attained the mind of Christ (1 Cor. 2:16). Since Christ exercises His authority over people through His Word, submis­sion to the authority of Scripture is equivalent to the Lordship of Christ. Without ongoing renewal in one’s thinking, we inevitably fall prey to error and deception and the world will squeeze us into its mold (Rom. 12:1). Are you a prisoner of Scripture? Is your conscience captive to the Word of God? Is Christ the Lord of your mind? Are you actively engaged in the process of cultivating Christian convictions?


  1. Richard on February 19, 2016 at 12:23 am

    What I’m struggling to understand right now: How can Christians have different convictions if Christian convictions come from the same Spirit?
    1.9, “Not every Christian will share the same convictions.”
    1.11, “The Spirit convicts and convinces.”

    • Maegan on October 12, 2016 at 1:39 am

      The same reason we’re not all created as equal copies of God. We are uniquely created in His image with different talents and skills, so in the same vein He distributes convictions as he sees fit. He uses this to make us dependent on one another, showing the greater glory of it all.

      • Ernest on December 18, 2021 at 7:47 pm

        God bless you so much for this extensive presentation on Christian conviction.
        I’m so blessed reading it.

    • Hector Rodriguez on September 12, 2023 at 10:54 pm

      Lo que pasa es que la biblia que es la fuente para todos los cristianos de convicciones es la misma para todos. Pero no todos nosotros creemos o conocemos igualmente. Asi que el problema no esta en la Biblia ni su autor, Dios. sino en nosotros.

  2. Jorge on August 5, 2016 at 8:25 am

    This the beauty of it all. We serve a God that is also an individual God. In other words, God adresses his attention to me as an individual…this is why we can have a personal relationship with Christ. We are all different worlds, as individuals…every individual has a story. We might not agree on liking the same fruits, meals, books for reading, even movies to see…etc… We all come from different cultures, neighborhoods, families, traditions, etc…We even have to consider our individual body cravings or desires. Even our successes and/or failures we”ve experienced. So with this being said, we have understand that there exist personal conviction and Holy Spirit conviction. This issue Paul addressed in the church Corinth. For example, there might an issue with an individual wearing cargo pants while teaching on a Bible Study class as apposed to wearing dress slacks…its just a matter of preference/conviction…not Holy Spirit conviction. Paul also exhorts to respect every conviction by not condenming/judging those who do nor those who don”t. Let’s love one another and remind ourselves that if we accept JesusChrist as our personal Saviour then we should pray for one anothe, help eachother stand together in love and unity…

    • Ed on January 6, 2024 at 9:00 pm

      Thank you for writing such an extraordinary article! Your words have left a lasting impact on me and I feel truly grateful. My confidence and belief in myself have been boosted significantly, and I can already feel positive changes in my attitude and outlook on life. Your writing has truly made a difference in my life and for that, I am forever thankful.

  3. Samson on January 26, 2021 at 5:59 am

    I can see the connection between conviction and faith. It is our conviction in God that develop our faith.for the scripture says… Faith is understanding the unseen. Heb 11:1
    The understanding here is interpreted as conviction.

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